tkinter.button(text)


Definition
Create text of the Button.

Syntax
Button(text="string")
tkinter.Button(text="string")

Examples
The random.randrange(a,b) is used to generate values for the creation of  line.
from tkinter import *

master = Tk()
master.title("Random line draw")

def line():
    import random
    x1=random.randrange(0,300)
    y1=random.randrange(0,300)
    x2=random.randrange(0,300)
    y2=random.randrange(0,300)
    canvas.create_line(x1, y1, x2, y2)

   
canvas = Canvas(master, width=300, height=300)
canvas.pack(side=TOP)

button=Button(master, text="Click to draw random line", command=line).pack(fill=BOTH)

master.mainloop()





Random color lines are created through the random.sample and random.randrange(a,b) methods through for loop.
from tkinter import *

master = Tk()
master.title("Create random lines")

def line():
    import random
    color_list= ['snow', 'ghostwhite', 'whitesmoke', 'gainsboro', 'floralwhite', 'oldlace',
    'linen', 'antiquewhite', 'papayawhip', 'blanchedalmond', 'bisque', 'peach puff',
    'navajowhite', 'lemonchiffon', 'mint cream', 'azure', 'aliceblue', 'lavender',
    'lavenderblush', 'mistyrose', 'darkslategray', 'dimgray', 'slategray',
    'lightslategray', 'gray', 'lightgrey', 'midnightblue', 'navy', 'cornflowerblue', 'darkslateblue',
    'slateblue', 'mediumslateblue', 'lightslateblue', 'mediumblue', 'royal blue',  'blue',
    'dodgerblue', 'deepskyblue', 'skyblue', 'lightskyblue', 'steelblue', 'lightsteel blue',
    'lightblue', 'powderblue', 'paleturquoise', 'darkturquoise', 'mediumturquoise', 'turquoise',
    'cyan', 'lightcyan', 'cadetblue', 'mediumaquamarine', 'aquamarine', 'darkgreen', 'darkolivegreen',
    'darkseagreen', 'seagreen', 'mediumseagreen', 'lightseagreen', 'palegreen', 'springgreen',
    'lawngreen', 'mediumspringgreen', 'greenyellow', 'limegreen', 'yellowgreen',
    'forestgreen', 'olivedrab', 'darkkhaki', 'khaki', 'palegoldenrod', 'lightgoldenrodyellow',
    'lightyellow', 'yellow', 'gold', 'lightgoldenrod', 'goldenrod', 'darkgoldenrod', 'rosybrown',
    'indianred', 'saddlebrown', 'sandybrown',
    'darksalmon', 'salmon', 'lightsalmon', 'orange', 'darkorange',
    'coral', 'lightcoral', 'tomato', 'orangered', 'red', 'hotpink', 'deeppink', 'pink', 'lightpink',
    'palevioletred', 'maroon', 'mediumvioletred', 'violetred',
    'mediumorchid', 'darkorchid', 'darkviolet', 'blueviolet', 'purple', 'mediumpurple',
    'thistle', 'snow2', 'snow3',
    'snow4', 'seashell2', 'seashell3', 'seashell4', 'AntiqueWhite1', 'AntiqueWhite2',
    'AntiqueWhite3', 'AntiqueWhite4', 'bisque2', 'bisque3', 'bisque4', 'PeachPuff2',
    'PeachPuff3', 'PeachPuff4', 'NavajoWhite2', 'NavajoWhite3', 'NavajoWhite4',
    'LemonChiffon2', 'LemonChiffon3', 'LemonChiffon4', 'cornsilk2', 'cornsilk3',
    'cornsilk4', 'ivory2', 'ivory3', 'ivory4', 'honeydew2', 'honeydew3', 'honeydew4',
    'LavenderBlush2', 'LavenderBlush3', 'LavenderBlush4', 'MistyRose2', 'MistyRose3',
    'MistyRose4', 'azure2', 'azure3', 'azure4', 'SlateBlue1', 'SlateBlue2', 'SlateBlue3',
    'SlateBlue4', 'RoyalBlue1', 'RoyalBlue2', 'RoyalBlue3', 'RoyalBlue4', 'blue2', 'blue4',
    'DodgerBlue2', 'DodgerBlue3', 'DodgerBlue4', 'SteelBlue1', 'SteelBlue2',
    'SteelBlue3', 'SteelBlue4', 'DeepSkyBlue2', 'DeepSkyBlue3', 'DeepSkyBlue4',
    'SkyBlue1', 'SkyBlue2', 'SkyBlue3', 'SkyBlue4', 'LightSkyBlue1', 'LightSkyBlue2',
    'LightSkyBlue3', 'LightSkyBlue4', 'SlateGray1', 'SlateGray2', 'SlateGray3',
    'SlateGray4', 'LightSteelBlue1', 'LightSteelBlue2', 'LightSteelBlue3',
    'LightSteelBlue4', 'LightBlue1', 'LightBlue2', 'LightBlue3', 'LightBlue4',
    'LightCyan2', 'LightCyan3', 'LightCyan4', 'PaleTurquoise1', 'PaleTurquoise2',
    'PaleTurquoise3', 'PaleTurquoise4', 'CadetBlue1', 'CadetBlue2', 'CadetBlue3',
    'CadetBlue4', 'turquoise1', 'turquoise2', 'turquoise3', 'turquoise4', 'cyan2', 'cyan3',
    'cyan4', 'DarkSlateGray1', 'DarkSlateGray2', 'DarkSlateGray3', 'DarkSlateGray4',
    'aquamarine2', 'aquamarine4', 'DarkSeaGreen1', 'DarkSeaGreen2', 'DarkSeaGreen3',
    'DarkSeaGreen4', 'SeaGreen1', 'SeaGreen2', 'SeaGreen3', 'PaleGreen1', 'PaleGreen2',
    'PaleGreen3', 'PaleGreen4', 'SpringGreen2', 'SpringGreen3', 'SpringGreen4',
    'green2', 'green3', 'green4', 'chartreuse2', 'chartreuse3', 'chartreuse4',
    'OliveDrab1', 'OliveDrab2', 'OliveDrab4', 'DarkOliveGreen1', 'DarkOliveGreen2',
    'DarkOliveGreen3', 'DarkOliveGreen4', 'khaki1', 'khaki2', 'khaki3', 'khaki4',
    'LightGoldenrod1', 'LightGoldenrod2', 'LightGoldenrod3', 'LightGoldenrod4',
    'LightYellow2', 'LightYellow3', 'LightYellow4', 'yellow2', 'yellow3', 'yellow4',
    'gold2', 'gold3', 'gold4', 'goldenrod1', 'goldenrod2', 'goldenrod3', 'goldenrod4',
    'DarkGoldenrod1', 'DarkGoldenrod2', 'DarkGoldenrod3', 'DarkGoldenrod4',
    'RosyBrown1', 'RosyBrown2', 'RosyBrown3', 'RosyBrown4', 'IndianRed1', 'IndianRed2',
    'IndianRed3', 'IndianRed4', 'sienna1', 'sienna2', 'sienna3', 'sienna4', 'burlywood1',
    'burlywood2', 'burlywood3', 'burlywood4', 'wheat1', 'wheat2', 'wheat3', 'wheat4', 'tan1',
    'tan2', 'tan4', 'chocolate1', 'chocolate2', 'chocolate3', 'firebrick1', 'firebrick2',
    'firebrick3', 'firebrick4', 'brown1', 'brown2', 'brown3', 'brown4', 'salmon1', 'salmon2',
    'salmon3', 'salmon4', 'LightSalmon2', 'LightSalmon3', 'LightSalmon4', 'orange2',
    'orange3', 'orange4', 'DarkOrange1', 'DarkOrange2', 'DarkOrange3', 'DarkOrange4',
    'coral1', 'coral2', 'coral3', 'coral4', 'tomato2', 'tomato3', 'tomato4', 'OrangeRed2',
    'OrangeRed3', 'OrangeRed4', 'red2', 'red3', 'red4', 'DeepPink2', 'DeepPink3', 'DeepPink4',
    'HotPink1', 'HotPink2', 'HotPink3', 'HotPink4', 'pink1', 'pink2', 'pink3', 'pink4',
    'LightPink1', 'LightPink2', 'LightPink3', 'LightPink4', 'PaleVioletRed1',
    'PaleVioletRed2', 'PaleVioletRed3', 'PaleVioletRed4', 'maroon1', 'maroon2',
    'maroon3', 'maroon4', 'VioletRed1', 'VioletRed2', 'VioletRed3', 'VioletRed4',
    'magenta2', 'magenta3', 'magenta4', 'orchid1', 'orchid2', 'orchid3', 'orchid4', 'plum1',
    'plum2', 'plum3', 'plum4', 'MediumOrchid1', 'MediumOrchid2', 'MediumOrchid3',
    'MediumOrchid4', 'DarkOrchid1', 'DarkOrchid2', 'DarkOrchid3', 'DarkOrchid4',
    'purple1', 'purple2', 'purple3', 'purple4', 'MediumPurple1', 'MediumPurple2',
    'MediumPurple3', 'MediumPurple4', 'thistle1', 'thistle2', 'thistle3', 'thistle4',
    'gray1', 'gray2', 'gray3', 'gray4', 'gray5', 'gray6', 'gray7', 'gray8', 'gray9', 'gray10',
    'gray11', 'gray12', 'gray13', 'gray14', 'gray15', 'gray16', 'gray17', 'gray18', 'gray19',
    'gray20', 'gray21', 'gray22', 'gray23', 'gray24', 'gray25', 'gray26', 'gray27', 'gray28',
    'gray29', 'gray30', 'gray31', 'gray32', 'gray33', 'gray34', 'gray35', 'gray36', 'gray37',
    'gray38', 'gray39', 'gray40', 'gray42', 'gray43', 'gray44', 'gray45', 'gray46', 'gray47',
    'gray48', 'gray49', 'gray50', 'gray51', 'gray52', 'gray53', 'gray54', 'gray55', 'gray56',
    'gray57', 'gray58', 'gray59', 'gray60', 'gray61', 'gray62', 'gray63', 'gray64', 'gray65',
    'gray66', 'gray67', 'gray68', 'gray69', 'gray70', 'gray71', 'gray72', 'gray73', 'gray74',
    'gray75', 'gray76', 'gray77', 'gray78', 'gray79', 'gray80', 'gray81', 'gray82', 'gray83',
    'gray84', 'gray85', 'gray86', 'gray87', 'gray88', 'gray89', 'gray90', 'gray91', 'gray92',
    'gray93', 'gray94', 'gray95', 'gray97', 'gray98', 'gray99']


    color=random.sample(color_list,1)

    for i in range(0,100):
        x1=i+random.randrange(0,200)
        y1=i+random.randrange(0,200)
        x2=i+random.randrange(0,200)
        y2=i+random.randrange(0,200)
        canvas.create_line(x1, y1, x2, y2, fill=color)
    
canvas = Canvas(master, width=300, height=300, background="black")
canvas.pack(side=TOP)

button=Button(master, text="Click to create random lines", command=line).pack(fill=BOTH)

master.mainloop()





The tkinter Button generated the Random number through Random.random() method.
 >>> from tkinter import*
>>> master=Tk()
>>> def Random_number():
                import random
                random1=random.random()
                print(random1)
>>> button=Button(master, text="Generate Random Number", command=Random_number).pack()





>>> 0.3113241804334048
0.5353597978093854
0.6206780899289036
0.1329108837599009
0.09253008814720265
0.7965295953913955
0.5464788670836471
0.05573566853264078
0.5957291155959824
0.5136834489919084
0.24383631011415896
0.8615995927200537


The button command function is used to invoke the message box to display the random value.
from tkinter import*

master = Tk()
master.title("Random Widget")

def random_value():
    import random
    random1=random.random()
    messagebox.showinfo("Random Value is", random1)

labelframe=LabelFrame(master, fg="red", font=14, text="Random value generator")
labelframe.pack(side=BOTTOM)

button = Button(labelframe, text = "Click here", fg="blue", command = random_value)
button.pack(side=BOTTOM)

label = Label(labelframe, text = "Click on button to generate random value")
label.pack(side=BOTTOM)

master.mainloop()





Definition
The Entry grid row are grid within the widget and declared equal to number.

Syntax
tkinter.Button.grid(row=Number)
Button.grid(row=Number)

Examples
The tkinter.Entry is used to check the string characteristics through string methods.

master=Tk()
master.title("String methods")

def cap():
    try:
        c=str.capitalize(s.get())
        s.set(c)
        
        pass

def cfold():
    try:
        c=str.casefold(s.get())
        s.set(c)
        
    except ValueError:
        pass

def ifier():
    try:
        if str.isidentifier(s.get())==True:
            s.set("Yes")
        
        else:
            s.set("No")
        
    except ValueError:
        pass

def ipace():
    try:
        if str.isspace(s.get())==True:
            s.set("Yes")
        
        else:
            s.set("No")

    except ValueError:
        pass

def iric():
    try:
       if str.isnumeric(s.get())==True:
           s.set("Yes")
       else:
           s.set("No")        
                
    except ValueError:
        pass

def ower():
    try:
        if str.islower(s.get())==True:
            s.set("Yes")
        
        else:
            s.set("No")        
        
    except ValueError:
        pass

def inum():
    try:
        if str.isalnum(s.get())==True:
            s.set("Yes")
        
        else:
            s.set("No")        
    except ValueError:
        pass

def imal():
    try:
        if str.isdecimal(s.get())==True:
            s.set("Yes")
        
        else:
            s.set("No")
        
    except ValueError:
        pass

    

def igit():
    try:
        if str.isdigit(s.get())==True:
            s.set("Yes")
        
        else:
            s.set("No")
        
    except ValueError:
        pass


def clr():
    try:
        s.set("")
        
              
    except ValueError:
        pass



entry=Entry(master, textvariable=s)
entry.grid(row=0, columnspan=4, sticky=W+E)


button_capitalize=Button(master, text="capitalize", width=10, command=cap)
button_capitalize.grid(row=2, column=0)

button_casefold=Button(master, text="casefold",width=10, command=cfold)
button_casefold.grid(row=2, column=1)

button_isidentifier=Button(master, text="isidentifier",width=10,command=ifier)
button_isidentifier.grid(row=2, column=2)


button_isspace=Button(master, text="isspace",width=10, command=ipace)
button_isspace.grid(row=3, column=0)

button_endswith=Button(master, text="endswith", width=10, command=iric)
button_endswith.grid(row=3, column=1)

button_islower=Button(master, text="islower",width=10, command=ower)
button_islower.grid(row=3, column=2)



button_isalnum=Button(master, text="isalnum",width=10, command=inum)
button_isalnum.grid(row=4, column=0)

button_isdecimal=Button(master, text="isdecimal",width=10, command=imal)
button_isdecimal.grid(row=4, column=1)

button_isdigit=Button(master, text="isdigit",width=10, command=igit)
button_isdigit.grid(row=4, column=2)

button_clear=Button(master, text="Clear", command=clr )
button_clear.grid(row=5, columnspan=3,sticky=W+E)












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